Shab e baraat
Shab e baraat is a night of forgiveness and blessing. This night comes on the 15th date of Sha’ban Month.
Month of the Holy Prophet ﷺ
The Prophet Muhammad ﷺ has said:
Sha’ban is the month of mine and Ramadan is the month of Allah
(Al-Jami’-us-Saghir, pp. 301, Hadis 4889 – Dar-ul-Kutub ‘Ilmiyyah, Beirut)
Fast on the 15th of Sha’ban
Sayyidunā ‘Ali has reported that the Holy Prophet ﷺ said,
When the 15th Night of Sha’ban comes (Shab e baraat) , do Qiyam (for worship) in the night and observe fast in the day. No doubt Allah reveals special Divine Manifestation on sky above the earth from the time of sunset and announces, ‘Is there anyone seeking forgiveness so that I may forgive him? Is there anyone seeking sustenance so that I may grant him sustenance? Is there anyone afflicted so that I may relieve his affliction? Is there so and so…’ He keeps announcing it until the time of the Fajr.
(Sunan Ibn Majah, pp. 160, vol. 2, Hadis 1388 – Dar-ul-Ma’rifah, Beirut)
A rewarding opportunity
The books of deeds are exchanged on Shab e Baraat. If possible, observe fast on the 14th of Sha’ban to get recorded a fast on the closing day of the book of deeds. On 14th of Sha’ban, after offering the congregational Salah of ‘Asr it is better to observe I’tikaf and stay in Masjid with the intention of waiting for Salah of Maghrib. In this way the last moments when the book of deeds is about to change, the virtues of being present in Masjid, being in I’tikaf, and waiting expectantly to offer Salat-ul-Maghrib, etc. will be inscribed in it. It is even golden to spend the whole night worshipping Allah۔
Shabe Baraat is a Vital Night
Dear Islamic brothers! Shab e Baraat is a vital night and it must not be spent carelessly. Downpour of special blessings is showered in this holy night. In this night, Allah frees people from Hell in a number more than that of hairs on the goats of the tribe of Banī Kalb. It is recorded in books that the tribe of Banī Kalb possessed the largest number of goats among the tribes of Arabia.
Alas! There are some unfortunate people who have been declared to remain deprived of forgiveness in Shab e Baraat i.e. the night of rescue. Shaykh Imam Bayhaqi Shafi’i has reported in ‘Faḍāil-ul-Awqāt’: The Prophet of Raḥmaĥ, the Intercessor of Ummaĥ has alarmed, ‘Six persons will not be pardoned even in that night:
- An alcoholic
- The one who is disobedient to parents.
- Habitual of fornication.
- The one who cuts-off family ties.
- The one who sketches portraits.
- The one who tells tales.
(Faḍāil-ul-Awqāt, pp. 130, vol. 1, Hadis 27 – Maktaba-tulManarah, Makka-tul-Mukarramah)